Several of y'all have followed my diff rebuilding thread and in there I promised I'd do a write-up on removing and replacing a differential (since I have yet to see a good DIY article on it). In this case, I'm removing the open 3.15 diff in my '92 325is for an M3 limited slip 3.15 unit.
Note: While you can do this alone (I have before), it's much, much easier with a second person. I recommend you supply a buddy some beer and have him give you a hand. You'll see why later.
Step 1: Get the car way up in the air safely secured on jackstands. I used a small jack to lift under one of the front jacking pads. Then I slid the large jack under the front of the car and lifted it. Insert two large jackstands under the front pads. Then I moved the large jack to the back and lifted it as high as I could. And, you guessed it....insert two large jackstands under the pads.
Last edited by Tommy R; 02-14-2004 at 11:25 PM.
Step 2: Remove the sway bar. This isn't really necessary, but really makes things easier later on. It's easy to do, so as Nike says, "Just do it."
First remove the top mounting nuts from both sides (pictured is the driver's side):
Lift up on the sway bar to slide the mounting tabs from the chassis. Now the sway bar is free. The next step is to snake it out of position. Merely rotating the orientation of the driver's side endlink (as shown below) made it a no-brainer.
Step 3: Remove the cat-back exhaust. This can actually be done prior to step 2, it's up to you. The first thing to do is loosen all of the front muffler clamps. Looks like a previous owner of my car replaced one of the BMW clamps with one of those high dollar european ones.
The next step in getting the exhaust out is to remove the two nuts holding the hanger clamps to the muffler. Feel free to use my patented "foot method" to aid in removing the exhaust. The muffler comes downward and the pipes slip off of the cat pipe.
Step 4: Loosen the diff from the driveshaft. Set the e-brake and/or put the car in gear. I used a QuickWrench to break these guys free. This is the first time having a buddy around will be helpful. Give him a beer and sit him in the car. It'll allow you to loosen all four bolts while your buddy releases the e-brake (or puts the car in neutral) so you can rotate the driveshaft for bolt access. Space is moderately tight, but you don't need to remove the flexible shield under the driveshaft.
Last edited by Tommy R; 02-14-2004 at 11:11 PM.
Step 5: Remove the torx bolts. Now is the only time you'll ever use those inverted torx sockets you bought. IMO, this is actually the hardest and certainly the most tedious part. The bolts are likely caked up with road grime. If you don't get the socket firmly onto the bolts, you will easily strip the heads of the bolts. Do not rush this! Only break loose the bolts you have easy access to (typically up top because the axle boot gets in the way down low). Then have your buddy release the e-brake (or put it in gear) as needed. He'll probably want another beer at this point, too.
If necessary, use a hammer and tap the socket onto the bolts to make sure you get them firmly seated. Again, do not rush this! I'd actually recommend buying a dozen new torx bolts for the re-install, but it all depends on how safely you remove them. Feelin' lucky? Well, are ya.....punk?? :
Last edited by Tommy R; 02-14-2004 at 11:11 PM.
Here's a better view of the torx bolts and plates coming out. Note the easy access with the removal of the sway bar and muffler!
When you get all the torx bolts out, I recommend zip tying the axle shafts up high to keep them out of the way when dropping the diff. Trust me...
Step 6: Remove the Diff! There are three bolts holding it in. Two up top in the "ears" of the housing and one in the passenger side front of the the housing. I removed the front one first.
Now move your jack under the housing, then remove the last bolts in the "ears." Note the zip ties holding the axle shafts out of the way. Unplug the speedo sensor being careful not to break any of the plastic. The diff is about to come out!
Last edited by Tommy R; 02-14-2004 at 11:31 PM.
Feed your buddy another beer 'cause now it's time for him to do some labor! Carefully lower the jack while supporting it from either side. It weighs about 85-90 lbs. so be careful. It's an easy job with two people, though. Wheel it out on the jack as such:
Okay, so it's out! Now bask in the glory of how naked the underside of your car is.
Allright, now it's time to get back to work, you sicko!
Depending on the car you have and what the diff came out of, you may have different input and output flanges. Mine had a four bolt input flange, as did the unit I bought. However, note how they are different shapes. No matter. I measured the critical dimensions and all were the same so I used the round one that came with the new diff.
Dig my groovy safety glasses, baby!
If you find that you do have to change the inut flange, impact the input flange nut off (securing the output flanges as shown below, preferably with the help from your buddy Otis) and use a gear puller to easily pull the flange off:
Last edited by Tommy R; 02-14-2004 at 11:13 PM.
My flange wasn't torqued. And my socket was too large to fit, so I turned it down on my bench grinder. My kingdom for a lathe! :12: Torque according to the Bentley (129 ft-lbs, if I remember correctly) being sure to prevent the output flanges from spinning. It can be tricky, so ask your buddy for help securing the diff while you torque it. He should be drunk enough by now that you can push him over while he does it.
If you need to swap the output flanges (I didn't), it's super easy. Just use a pry bar and pry them out of the housing. There's a snap ring keeping them in place, but not very securely. The new ones just push back in place. Use a rubber mallet (softly) as needed.
Last edited by Tommy R; 02-14-2004 at 11:18 PM.
Installation is the opposite of removal, so scroll up the thread.
BIG thanks to my buddy, Zac, for helping and grabbing pics. And, no, he didn't get drunk. He had to drive home in the snow afterall (yes, we're in Texas!).
As always, do this at your own risk and if you don't feel comfortable doing it, leave it to a pro....or someone you can con into it. :12:
Hope this helps some of y'all. Enjoy and happy burnouts! :
Man, That is a fabulous write up.
I am considering doing this soon and this will be a great help...
Pictures are worth much more than a thousand words when your trying something new.....
"Light travels faster than sound. This is why some people appear bright until you hear them speak."
Damn, that's a great write-up! Excellent job. I think even I could swap a diff after seeing this....
Mike in Sacramento
'83 Mercedes 300D Turbo, mod'd to run on 100% waste vegetable oil!
'97 328i with lots o' suspension stuff, gone but never forgotten.
Very nice Tommy. Thanks for sharing this
Having two people to do this job is *highly* recommended. I had to get out from under the car for each bolt on the differential and axle flanges since they could really only be accessed in one position. Let's see (6 + 6 + 4)*2 = 32...just for these bolts. Add in all the times for the other bolts *and* wrestling the 100lb lump out and in, and you have one tired shadetree mechanic. Get a friend
As Tommy also said, the E12 Torx bolts can be a pain in the buttinski. If your axles have never been off from the factory, they will be *verY* tight. I stripped two of them before realizing that you have to be really careful with getting the socket on completely. I have the socket from Lisle, and it is shaped very much like your standard 3/8 drive 10mm socket...except that it has a larger diameter. This diameter is what makes getting it seated on the bolt perfectly a chore. Clean the bolt heads off really well before starting and find the position that allows you to get the socket in place straight. Be careful, or you will be cutting the bolt heads off with your dremel tool.
I am really tempted to go buy this socket for the next time I have to tackle this job. I think it would be well worth the $40...
Thanks again Tommy for the great write up
I'm still a little ways off from trading out my diff but I'll be back to this thread when I'm ready to do it!
Thanks for the write up...long live the zip-tie!
Some ladies like a hand-held. I prefer to drive mine.